Arunachal Pradesh


Arunachal Pradesh is spread below the water divide between Tibet and India, on the Himalayan Watershed, and between India and Burma, along the crest of The Patkoi Hills. The region comprises 83,578-sq kms, of tangled mountain Ridges, deep valleys, dense forests, and mighty rivers. It shares a border of 157 kms with Bhutan on its West and 441 kms with Burma on its East. On its Northern frontier lies Tibet, across the McMohan Line – now disputed by China. This border runs for approximately 1030 Kms, and is neither marked, nor mutually accepted by India nor China. Along this long border the mountains rise and fall between the elevations of 6400 Meters to 1829 Meters.

The major river valleys run generally North to South, each of them joining to form the mighty Brahmaputra in the state of Assam. The terrain is therefore a highly jagged and wild territory, rising in mighty convulsions of mountain ridges and spurs from the North bank of the Brahmaputra River. The resultant tangle of deep gorge like valleys, densely wooded mountain slopes dissected by numerous torrents and rivers, prevented East – West communications, and resulted in the growth of relatively isolated tribal sub cultures, along the river systems. It is now home to 26 main tribal strains, with their own distinct identity, of language and culture, who believe in the supernatural, and worship spirits and deities. In the higher regions a well developed Buddhist culture flourishes amongst the Monpa and Sherdupkren tribes.This state is endowed with the gifts of nature, ranging from sub-tropical river valleys, to high Himalayan Pastures.

60 years of sustained development by the Indian government, coupled with laws which allowed for the preservation of tribal identity, has resulted in the creation of a network of roads and helipads which enable travellers to visit selected sections of the state thrown open to restricted tourism.

Arunachal Pradesh is a restricted area. Certain tourist circuits are open to foreign tourists travelling in groups of 02 or more, for 30 days at a time. Tourists have to obtain a Restricted Area Permit (RAP). The Arunachal Pradesh government charges a Royalty of USD 50 per person. We will arrange the RAP for our guests. For more details ask for our Notes on Restricted entry for Foreign visitors in North East States.

The main highlights of a visit to Arunachal Pradesh

Reached by a road journey of 590 kms from Guwahati. It has the following attractions:

  • 350 years old monastery at 3300 m elevation
  • Enchanting journey over 4150 high Se-la pass.
  • Exotic flora, Alpine lakes & tribal habitat
  • Hand woven Tibetan rugs and carpets
  • Trekking in the High Himalayas over virgin terrain ranging between 2500 to 5000 m in elevation

Visits to the Tibet Frontier: PTSO lake, Shungetsar Lake, Taksing Gompa and Zimithang Valley with the unique Gorsham chorten.

Reached by a road journey of 550 kms from Guwahati. Or by ferry crossing from Dibrugarh. This region has the following attractions: –

  • Exploring tribal lifestyles of Apatani, Nishi, Tagin Hill Miri and Adi tribes
  • Virgin forests and exotic flora
  • River valleys spanned by incredible cane suspension bridges
  • Bamboo, cane, and woven handicrafts

Ferry crossings over the mighty Brahmaputra River

Picture post card, Mechuka is a remote small town nestled at 1,829 m, in the Siyom River Valley in West Siang. It is located just 29 Kms from The Indo- china border Mechuka is reached by driving over two days from Dibrugarh – the nearest airport. via Along ( also called Allo). The scenic journey of 262 Kms includes crossing of the mighty Brahmaputra by ferry boat.The Mechuka Valley is home to the people of the Budhist Memba tribe.

The surrounding areas are also home to the Adi- Ramo tribals who inhabit the villages of Gapo, Pauk, Padusa, Lipusi, Hiri, Purying, Rapum, Charung, Rego,and Karte The major tourist attractions are the breathtaking scenic beauty, of the surrounding mountains, snow capped in winter, with the sparkling River Siyom meandering through the valley. The exotic tribes, and the 400-year-old Buddhist Monastery, are an added attraction.

The Mishmi Hills in the Dibang Valley are a southward extension of the Great Himalayan Mountain Range – its northern and eastern reaches touching China. The Dibang river originates in China and flows through the length of the valley in a north-south direction. Snow-capped peaks, turbulent rivers, deep valleys, and abundance of rich flora & fauna are the main features of the district. Anini , the capital town of this district is reached by a 380 Kms journey from Dibrugarh; the nearest airport.

This takes two days and involves travelling through the Tea gardens of Assam, the floodplains of the Brahmaputra River Valley, crossing the great River by Ferry and ascending the Mishmi hills A trek to the remote Dree Valley can take you through the Idu –Mishimi tribal habitat to Acheson; the last Indian village in the remote border area with Tibet.