Mizoram is a mountainous state nestling in the southern tip of the north-east region of India. Standing aloof from the adjacent plains of Assam, Tripura, and Manipur, it also borders with Bangladesh and Myanmar. This is the land of the Highlanders, who are by nature carefree and hospitable.
It is an idyllic land of natural beauty having rich variety of flora and fauna. It’s remoteness adds to its quaint appeal, as do its scenic landscapes of bluish hills and mountains, steep rocky cliffs, serene lakes, deep valleys, gurgling streams, and waterfalls. For anyone looking for a quiet holiday in pristine and peaceful setting, this is a destination worth considering. For the more adventurous, the rugged terrains and rivers are ideal for various outdoor sports and activities. Mizoram’s rich Avifauna is an added attraction for bird watchers.
It is believed that the Mizos migrated from China via Burma (now Myanmar), due to political upheavals in the 5th Century. Over three centuries , they moved, to the Chin hills on the Indo Burmese border, through the Kabaw Valley in Mynamar. From the Chin Hills the Mizos came to The Mizo Hills, in the 14 th Century. The migrants were known as Kukis and Lushais . The ruling Sailo clan, proved their mettle as able and assertive chiefs. The traditional system of village administration was perfected, under their rule.
Mizo Hills were formally declared as part of British India by a proclamation in 1895. North and south hills were united into Lushai Hills district in 1898 with Aizawl as its headquarters. Missionaries converted the entire population to Christianity; Presbyterians in the north, Baptists in the middle and Evangelicals in the south.
After Independence of India, The Lushai Hills Autonomous District Council came into being in 1952, and the concept of chieftainship was abolished from the Mizo society. Political parties pleaded with the States Reorganization Commission in 1954 for integration of the Mizo-dominated areas of Tripura and Manipur with their District Council. When this was not agreed to, the demand for a separate state was put forth.
In 1959, the Mizo Hills were devastated by a great famine known in Mizo history as ‘Mautam Famine’. The cause of the famine was attributed to flowering of bamboos which resulted in boom in the rat population. After eating bamboo seeds, the rats turned towards crops and human habitation, causing acute shortages of food. Many people died of starvation. Great resentment was caused due to inept response from the government. The Mizo National Famine Front gained popularity by organizing relief work and was transformed into the Mizo National Front in 1961 with the specified goal of achieving sovereign independence of Greater Mizoram. The front resorted to armed insurrection against the Government. The insurgency supported from bases in East Pakistan ( Now Bangladesh) lasted for two decades. Effective counter Insurgency operations coupled with a massive development program, lead to lasting peace and the birth of the state of Mizoram in 1987.
Geographically Mizoram comprises narrow ridges, deep river valleys, all covered with bamboo and other flora. Mizos have their own language, and culture. The society is democratic at the grass root levels with a laid back style. The main occupation is agriculture, weaving and handicrafts made of bamboo and wood.
Mizoram has pleasant weather throughout the ear. The entire area is under the direct influence of the monsoon with heavy rains from May to September. Mid September to mid March is considered the best time for traveling to Mizoram
The highlights of Mizoram are:-