NE/14: 10 days Enchanting Mechuka ValleyExploring Memba, Adi Ramos and Adi Gallong tribal habitat.

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Dree River at Acheson

Visit the Syiom, river valley, to peep into the tribal habitat of Memba , Adi Ramo and Adi Gallong tribals.
Travel to the enchanting Mechuka Valley on the border with Tibet. Marvel at the spectacular scenery of the river Valley , visit ethnic villages, explore homesteads, peep into local lifestyles, see their handicrafts and the incredible cane and bamboo suspension bridges.

During the journey you will pass through miles of forests, with an incredible variety of flora. The crossing of the mighty Brahmaputra by ferry boat, navigating through sand bars, is another high light of this trip.


Day 01: Arrive Dibrugarh

Arrive Dibrugarh airport from Kolkata or Delhi. Transfer to hotel. Time permitting explore a tea garden. Overnight at hotel.

Day 02: Dibrugarh- Along ( Aalo), 350 m


Drive from Dibrugarh to Boghibheel ghat 43 Kms, and cross the river Brahmaputra by Ferry boat along with your car to Silapather to enter arunachal Pradesh at Likabadi. The entire journey will take 3-4 hrs
From Likhabadi drive 130 Kms to Along in 4.30 hrs. Located at an altitude of 350 m, Along is set in a wide open valley where the Sippu River joins the Siyom River.

The people are mostly Adi-Gollongs with some Adi- Miniyongs.

Adis ( Abhor) are the dominant tribe of the Siang River Valley. They are also the largest with a population of around 1,58000. ( 1991). They comprise of two sub-groups: 1) Gallongs – include Gallongs, Ramos, Bokars, and Palbos 2) Padam-Miyong sub group: Includes Padams, Ninyongs, Pasis, Panggis, Shimongs, Boris, Asings, and Tangams. All groups are bound together by common language and culture with dialectal differences.
A unique hairstyle – with short cropping with a knife are a distinctive feature. The British considered the Adis as powerful people, proud and outspoken, friendly, hospitable and social –but suspicious of strangers, Today the community is considered as “progressive”. Adi society is highly organized with political institutions like the village council.

Originally dominated by priests and shamans and deriving authority from supernatural sanctions, it was transformed into a secular body during the British period when power was vested in nominated village headmen.

The institution of separate boys and girls dormitory has far reaching influences on personality development and community cooperation. The Adis also believe in numerous spirits and the sun – Moon – God(Dony- polo).

They are great agriculturist cultivating rice, maize, millet, buckwheat, mustard, ginger, potatoes, tobacco, chilly, and vegetables. There is a vast store of folklore. Elders are endowed with prodigious memory. This oral literature takes the form of rhapsodies called “Abang”.
People love to dance.

The “Tapu” war dance ( Minyong tribe) by males and “Ponung” welcome dance by girls are well known.
Over the years the Adis have demonstrated a rare native ingenuity in constructing cane and bamboo bridges over great spans. They are adept at making cantilever bridges of bamboo, suspension bridges with ribbed bamboo footways, trestle bridges and their combinations. Cane suspension bridges are indeed a marvel of “untutored engineering skills.

Time permitting, in the afternoon visit Paia and Kabu Villages inhabited by the Adi- Galongs. This entails a short trek and crossing over a cane suspension bridge.
Return to Along for overnight at hotel.

Day 03: Along- Mechuka, 1829 m

Drive 181 kms (5-6 hrs) along the scenic Siyom Valley, to the remote Mechuka Valley Lush forests in the Lower Siyom Valley give way to the spectacular Mechuka Valley. Open and barren, with the blue river separating the valley in two parts, the village, is surrounded by snow-capped mountains.

The landscape is similar to Ladakh, with a sprinkling of green forests. Overnight at homestay/ hotel.

Day 04-05-06: Mechuk

03 days to explore Mechuka Valley, visit the Gompa, and enjoy nature.
A short trek to visit a tribal village and get a peep into lifestyles will be arranged.
Overnights at homestay/hotel.


The remote Mechuka Valley in the West Siang district, is just 30 kilometers from the line that separates India and China. Recently opened to foreign tourist, it is a place of pristine natural beauty. The river Siyom (locally known as Yargyap Chu), meanders through the valley surrounded by snow capped mountains on three sides.

The major tourist attraction here is a 400-year-old Buddhist Monastery, Many ancient statues can also be found here. During winters, one can get great views of the snow-clad mountains and snow fall.

The inhabitants are a mix of Memba, Ramo and Bokhar tribes, who migrated from Tibet, many centuries ago. The Membas settled down in the Upper reaches of the siyom Valley, whilst The Ramos and Bokhars choose to live in the Lower Siyom valley.


The Membas are a subgroup of the Monpas, and speak the Tshangla language. They live in the Mechuka valley; where the population is around 4000 to 5000 The religious life of the Memba revolves around the Mechuka Gompa. The Membas follow Nyingmapa Tibetan Buddhism and have their own script, Hikor, which is derived from the Tibetan script. Local genealogies suggested that they came from Tawang and settled in the region several centuries back.

The Membas are agriculturalists and grow cash crops in the terraced fields, and crops like rice, maize, millet, potato, cereals and paddy.

The Ramos are animists and practice the Donyi Polo ( Sun- Moon worship).

They are agriculturists and hunters. The main crop is maize. They also grow rice, chillies, garlic, ginger, onion, potatoes, sweet potatoes, cotton, tobacco, mustard, cucumbers, and pumpkins, Main villages of this tribe on the periphery of Mechukha valley are Gapo, Pauk, Padusa, Lipusi, Hiri, Purying, Rapum, Charung, Rego and Karte.

Day 07: Mechuka- Along

Drive back to Along. Overnight at homestay/ hotel.

Day 08: Along – Passighat

Drive along the Siyom River, till its confluence with the mighty, Siang, which originates as the Tsang Po in Tibet, and latter is called the Brahmaputra.

Following the course of the river downstream, we drive to Passighat, the Headquaters of the East Siang District. The drive is 68 kms, and takes 02 hrs. On the way we will take time off to see one of the longest cane bridges, across the Siang.

The Adi’s are expert at building cane suspension bridges. You can also cross it to get the experience of a lifetime. Time permitting we will also take a nature and culture walk using inter-village tracks to explore the countryside. Passighat is located at a point where the river emerges from the hills into the Assam Plains, and whilst driving down, there are wonderful views. Overnight at the Government Guest House or hotel.


Day 09: Passighat – ferry crossing – Dibrugarh

Drive to Urium Ghat in 02 hrs to board our local ferry boat to cross the mighty Brahmaputra river in 03 hrs. Once across, drive to Dibrugarh. Overnight at hotel.

Day 10: Departure

Transfer to airport to board your flight to Kolkata or Delhi.




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